Top Islamic Arabic Words You Should Know

■hasanat- good deeds

■ sayyiat- evil deeds

■musaafahah- shaking hands

■murtadd- (apostate)

■duaa- supplication

■ As Salah- The prayer

■tawakkul (putting one’s trust in Allah). In fact this is tawakkul, because tawakkul means putting one’s trust in Allah whilst also implementing the means that have been permitted or enjoined.

■tawqeef [i.e., they can only be known through divine Revelation and sound texts of hadeeth, with no room for personal opinion].

■ Faahishah (i.e. anything that transgresses its limits: a great sin, and an evil way that leads one to hell unless Allaah Forgives him).

waajib- obligatory

■ Taqwa- Fearing Allah, piety

■ Rizq- Provision

■Barakah- Blessing

■Mushriq- Polytheist

■Al- Muttaqun- The Pious

■righteousness- Birr

■ Taa’ah (obedience): Conformity with what is required by doing what is commanded to be done, and avoiding what is forbidden.

■dinar- money or wealth

■The jilaab is a wrapper, which Ibn Mas’ood and others called the rida’ (cloak), and which the common folk [i.e. at the time of Ibn Taymiyah] call the izaar. It is a large izaar with which a woman covers her head and the rest of her body.

■ The Angels-  al-malaa ‘ikah

■ The poor-Al-Masaakeen

■ Al-Ma‘roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful”

■Rahimahullaah/Rahimahumullaah: may Allaah bestow His mercy upon him/ them.

■Ramjaan: the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, in which the Muslims fast.

■Sateeh: correct; an authentic narration.

■Salaat: prescribed prayer (e.g. the five obligatory prayers); prayers upon the Prophet

■salaf: predecessors; the early Muslims; the Muslims of the first three generations: the

Companions, the Successors and their successors.

■salafee: one who ascribes himself to the salaf and follows in their way.

■Hafidhahullaah: “may Allaah protect him.” Usually said after the name of a scholar who is

still alive.

■Hajj: Pilgrimage

■RadiyAllahu ‘anhu/’anhaa/’anhum/’anhumaa: may Allaah be pleased with

him/her/them/both of them.

■Al-lkhlaas: means to purify.

■ Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, rahimahullaah, said: ” ‘ibaadah

(worship) is a comprehensive term covering whatever Allaah loves and is pleased with, both sayings and actions, the apparent and the hidden; such as fearing, having awe, prayer, zakaat, fasting and other practices prescribed by Islaam.”

■  Farj. Kifaayah: collective obligation – if fulfilled by a part of the community then the rest are not obliged to fulfil it.
■Fataawa: plurah of fatwa.

■Fatwa (pi. Fataawa): religious verdict.

■Fiqh: the understanding and application of the Sharee’ah

■ Eemaan: faith; to affirm all that was revealed to the Messenger (jjl), affirming with the heart, testifying with the tongue and acting with the limbs. The actions of the limbs are from the completeness of eemaan. Faith increases with obedience to

Allaah and decreases with disobedience.

■ Al-Hushuwsh (the places where one answers the call of nature)

■ Al Miwadhatayn- last two Soorahs of Quran

■Al Lawhul- Mahfoodh- Preserved Tablet

■ al-Khushoo` (the fear of Allaah- humility, submissiveness)

■Rooh (proofs, light and true guidance)

■ Ihsaan (perfection of worship), and from that is invocation/supplication (du’aa), reverential fear (khawf), hope and longing (rajaa), trust and reliance (tawakkul), fervent desire (raghbah), dread (rahbah), reverence and humility (khushoo’), awe (khashyah), turning repentantly (inaabah), appealing for aid and assistance (isti’aanah), seeking refuge (isti’aadhah), seeking deliverance and rescue (istighaathah), sacrificing (dhabh), vows (nadhr) and the rest of the types of worship commanded but proof for this is the Saying of Him, the Most High: “And the places of Prayer are for Allaah alone, so do not invoke anyone along with Allaah.” [Soorat al Jinn: 18].

  • Muhsin: Doers of the good.